Sumter, Phillips announced his "hearty and hot" support for the war. In the summer of , Phillips' nephew, Samuel D.
Phillips, died at Port Royal, South Carolina where he had gone to take part in the so-called Port Royal Experiment to assist the slave population there in the transition to freedom. In —50, he assisted Lucy Stone in conducting the first woman suffrage petition campaign in Massachusetts, drafting for her both the petition and an appeal for signatures.
They repeated the effort the following two years, sending several hundred signatures to the state legislature. In —53 they directed their petition to a convention charged with revising the state constitution, and sent it petitions bearing five thousand signatures. After African Americans gained the right to vote under the 15th Amendment in , Phillips switched his attention to other issues, such as women's rights , universal suffrage , temperance and the labor movement. Phillips's philosophical ideal was mainly self-control of the animal, physical self by the human, rational mind, although he admired rash activists like Elijah Lovejoy and John Brown.
The Puritan ideal of a Godly Commonwealth through a pursuit of Christian morality and justice, however, was the main influence on Phillips' nationalism. He favored fragmenting the American republic in order to destroy slavery, and he sought to amalgamate all the American races. Thus, it was the moral end which mattered most in Phillips' nationalism. Phillips was also active in efforts to gain equal rights for Native Americans, arguing that the 14th Amendment also granted citizenship to Indians.
He proposed that the Andrew Johnson administration create a cabinet-level post that would guarantee Indian rights. Although publicly critical of President Ulysses S. Grant 's drinking, he worked with Grant's second administration on the appointment of Indian agents. Phillips lobbied against military involvement in the settling of Native American problems on the Western frontier. He accused General Philip Sheridan of pursuing a policy of Indian extermination.
Public opinion turned against Native American advocates after the Battle of the Little Bighorn in July , but Phillips continued to support the land claims of the Lakota Sioux. During the s Phillips arranged public forums for reformer Alfred B.
Wendell Phillips: the Agitator - William Carlos Martyn - كتب Google
In July , a monument was erected in Boston Public Garden to commemorate Phillips, inscribed with his words: "Whether in chains or in laurels, liberty knows nothing but victories". Jonathan Harr's "A Civil Action" refers to the statue in recounting Mark Phillips', a descendant of Wendell Phillips', reaction to a legal victory in the case against W.
The Wendell Phillips Award, established in , is bestowed annually upon a member of Tufts University's senior class. The Wendell Phillips Prize at Harvard University is awarded to the best orator in the sophomore class. The school closed in and was turned into the Phillips School Condominium in From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core.
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Jump to: navigation , search. File:Wendell Phillips with signature. File:Philips Garden. File:Wendell Phillips Memorial Dedication JPG Dedication ceremony on July 5, Forty of Boston's historic houses. NY, Arno P, E S P5.
Bartlett, Irving H. Wendell and Ann Phillips: the community of reform, NY: Norton, P56 B Wendell Phillips, Brahmin radical. Westport, Conn. Gougeon, Len. Detroit: Thomson Gale, Korngold, Ralph. Boston: Little, Brown, Sears, Lorenzo. Hillary Rodham Clinton. Emily Maitlis.
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Wendell Phillips and the “Ever-Restless Ocean” of Democracy
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